Jimmy Carter is a well-known former American politician and philanthropist. Jimmy Carter was a member of the Democratic Party who served as the 39th president of the United States from 1977 to 1981.
Table of Biography
Early Life and Childhood
Jimmy Carter was born on the 1st of October 1924, in Plains, Georgia, in the United States of America. According to his birth date, he is 98 years old and holds American nationality. His birth name is James Earl Carter Jr and he has a zodiac sign of Libra and practices Christianity religion. Moreover, he belongs to the English ethnicity.
Talking about his parents, he is the son of James Earl Carter Sr (father) and Bessie Lillian (mother). Professionally, his father was a successful local businessman, who ran a general store and was an investor in farmland. Previously, his father served as a reserve second lieutenant in the U.S. Army Quartermaster Corps during World War I. Moreover, he grew up with his three siblings whose names are Gloria, Ruth, and Billy. Sadly, all three siblings died of pancreatic cancer.
From 1937 to 1941, Jimmy attended Plains High School, graduating from the eleventh grade, since the school did not have a twelfth grade. Later, he began undergraduate coursework in engineering at Georgia Southwestern College in nearby Americus. In 1942, he moved to the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta. Moreover, he received a Bachelor of Science degree from the United States Naval Academy in 1946.
He completed his graduation in nuclear physics at Union College. At the time of his naval career, he lived in many parts of the United States and served around the world, including the Far East. He was promoted to lieutenant (senior grade), working under Admiral Hyman Rickover in the development of the nuclear submarine program. He resigned from his commission and returned to Plains after his father died in 1953.
Jimmy Carter started working his own farm and ran a small business of his father’s, selling fertilizer and farm supplies. Initially, the first year of his agribusiness did not turn out to be a success. He soon took classes and learned agriculture and accounting. Moreover, he did the manual labor while his wife Rosalynn kept the books. His business started to grow up and turn into a profitable general-purpose seed and farm supply operation.
Soon after his return to Plains, he became involved in the community’s affairs. He was the first president of the Georgia Planning Association and the chairman of the county school board. Additionally, he was elected to the Georgia Senate in 1962. In 1966, he ran for governor for the first time.
He was elected Georgia’s 76th governor in 1971. During his tenure as governor, he was appointed to the Southern Regional Education Board, the Appalachian Regional Commission, the Coastal Plains Regional Action Planning Commission, and the Southern Growth Policies Board.
He became the Democratic National Committee campaign chairman for the 1974 congressional elections in the year 1973. On December 12, 1974, he announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination, and he won his party’s nomination on the first ballot at the 1976 Democratic National Convention. On November 2, 1976, he was elected President.
The 39th president of the United States
From the 20th of January 1977 to the 20th of January 1981, he served as the United States President. He pardoned all Vietnam War draft evaders on his second day as president. During his presidency, the United States Department of Energy and Education was established.
He also established a national energy policy that included conservation, price control, and the development of new technologies. Carter was a strong advocate for the Camp David Accords, the Panama Canal Treaties, and the second round of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks.
He was also confronted with stagflation. The 1979-1981 Iran hostage crisis, the 1979 energy crisis, the Three Mile Island accident, the Nicaraguan Revolution, and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan all marked the end of his presidency.
In response to the invasion, he ended détente, imposed a grain embargo on the Soviets, enunciated the Carter Doctrine, and led the boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics. Carter won the Democratic presidential nomination over United States Senator Ted Kennedy at the 1980 Democratic National Convention but lost the presidential election by a landslide to Republican nominee Ronald Reagan.
He left office in 1981 as the only American president to serve a full term without appointing a justice to the United States Supreme Court. In 1982, he founded the Carter Center to promote and expand human rights, for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002. He traveled extensively in order to conduct peace talks, monitor elections, and advance the eradication of infectious diseases.
He is a key figure in the nonprofit housing organization Habitat for Humanity and has written numerous books ranging from political memoirs to poetry, while continuing to comment on global affairs, including two books on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in which he criticized Israel’s treatment of Palestinians as apartheid.
Talking about his honors, Carter received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1999 and the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002. Others include; “Freedom of the City of Newcastle upon Tyne, England” (1977), “Silver Buffalo Award, Boy Scouts of America” (1978), “World Methodist Peace Award” (1985), “United Nations Human Rights Award” (1998), and many others.
Jimmy Carter – Net Worth 2023
According to Wikipedia, this former United States president’s net worth is around $9 million. He makes money through his book sales, as a former president, also makes money running his family’s peanut farm and business, which ultimately sold for a reported $1.5 million.
On the 7th of July 1946, Jimmy Carter married Rosalynn Smith shortly after his graduation. Rosalynn is the friend of Jimmy’s sister Ruth. With the marriage, the couple has four kids whose names are John William (Jack), James III, Donnel, and Amy Lynn.
Jimmy Carter – Body Measurements